Dairy farming

Hi my friends,

A promise is a promise. Here are some pictures of an interesting visit I made during the April holidays. This is a dairy farming I discovered in the south-west of France, near the Pyrénées. Do you see the mountains in the background ?

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Here are the meadows where cows graze three or four hours a day when the weather permits. They spend the rest of the time in a place named "stall", where they eat, rest and give their milk. In this dairy farming, the stall is "free". It means the cows freely come and go, they are not attached.

could not photograph the processes milk the day of my visit, but I saw the robot that milk by itself all the cows of that dairy farming. They come freely - two to three times a day - to be milked by the fully automated machine. That's impressive.

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This black and white cow species is called "Holstein". It has the reputation to give a lot of milk every day, more than forty liters per cow on average.

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Cows eat grass, hay and corn silage. They also need food supplements like minerals, rape and salt cubes to lick, see picture below.

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One thing I found really funny is the possibility for them to be brushed when they wish. Then they pass under a giant brush rubbing their backs and flanks.

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I finish with the most cute : the newborn calves !

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That's all for today. In a future article, I will show you the pictures I made of a beautiful garden.

See you soon, my friend !


Earth, our queen of ballet

Earth is a star dancer. Absolutely !

It gives us the show every day, round the clock, 7 days 7, since it has carried us and danced the waltz around the sun. And its dance floor is the solar system, in one of the arm of the Milky Way. This is the name of the galaxy to which it belongs in the universe.

Seven planets go with it in the solar system :
Mercury (solid planet)
Venus (solid planet)
Mars (solid planet)
Jupiter (gaseous planet)
Saturn (gaseous planet)
Uranus (gaseous planet)
Neptune (gaseous planet)

Systeme solaire

Like Mercury, Venus and Mars, Earth is a telluric planet, that is to say a solid planet. It was born 4.5 billion years ago and it's in third position from the sun, just after Mercury and Venus. It has a natural satellite, named the Moon.

It is located in the "habitable" zone of the solar system, which means it is placed at a reasonable distance from the sun. It is thus ideally situated to host life, far enough from the sun to avoid overheating and close enough not to be icy. It further presents oceans, continents and atmosphere.

Earth rotates on itself in 24 hours (so one day) and at the same time around the sun in 365 days (so one year). Pretty waltz, isn't it?


Through all of this, life may have appeared on Earth there is less than one billion years. She has developed there until today. Currently, millions of species live on Earth and turn in universe, including us;-)

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I said "celestial objects"... As it's bizarre ;-)

In my previous post "Universe in a few words", I talked about "celestial objects" concerning planets.


Bizarre ??? Not at all !

Indeed, according to the Larousse dictionnary, "celestial" means "related to the sky".

In astronomy, it's therefore right to say that planets are "celestial objects" ;-)

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The universe in a few words

Did I tell you before ? I am fascinated by stars, planets... by the entire universe !

But the universe in a few words, what is it ?

Well, it is a space in constant expansion, it simply means that it's growing all the time. Therefore, it has no limits ; this is why we say it is infinite.

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The universe started with the Big Bang. It happened 13,7 billions years ago.That's a bit complicated to explain. So what we can remember is that the Big Bang is the date of birth of the universe.

The universe today consists of billions galaxies. These are groupings of stars, gas and dust. In the same way that the universe consists of billions galaxies, each galaxy contains billions of stars. Imagine then the billions of billions of stars (suns) that exist in the universe... No wonder the sky lights up each night with an infinity of little magic lights !


We talk about solar system, when planets revolve around a star.

Systeme solaire

The planets are called celestial objects. They can be gaseous or solid.


Earth is our planet. She is so beautiful and generous. Water, air, food... it gives everything to us. So, always think about protecting it ! Do something everyday to limit our pollution ! Do not waste water, save electricity, do not throw anything out of the bins provided for this purpose, recycling...
For our
planet, there are no small gestures, there are only big actions ;-)

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Punctuation, what is its goal ?

That's a good question ! But... uh... what's "punctuation" in fact ?

This is the lesson we learnt today with our new teacher, Solange.

Boring ? Not at all ! You'll see, with Solange, it's very interesting ;-)

First, she explained that punctuation is all the writing marks except the letters of the alphabet.

The best known are :

  • point .
  • comma ,
  • semicolon ;
  • question mark ?
  • exclamation mark !
  • dot dot dot ...
  • two points :
  • quotation marks " "
  • brackets ( )

Now, what's its goal ?

Well, Solange said it gives the rythm to a text, just like music.

But she added that it also helps to :

  • breath,
  • express things,
  • present things.

She said punctuation marks are breaths and breaks during the reading.

Indeed, what would happen if we don't make breaks while we are reading a text ?

It's simple, we would get out of breath very quickly and we wouldn't understand anything of the text.

To read properly and relax, Solange learnt us that we must follow the rythm of the tex, that is to say to respect the punctuation marks which tell us when to breath and make breaks. But for this, we need to know more about marks...

The point :

It is placed at the end of a sentence. It is a stop which allows breathing before reading the next sentence.

My name is
Séraphine. breathing I am mad about stories and snacks.

The comma :

It is used in a sentence for a short break.

Welcome to Séraphine, short break mad about stories and snacks.

The semicolon :

It is used in a sentence to make a little longer break than the comma and to separate two informations interrelated.

Séraphine has lost her chef hat yesterday ; break luckily she has found it today.

Punctuation marks also help to express things :

Some marks are used in special cases.

The question mark :

It is placed at the end of the sentence to express a query, that is to say to ask a question. The tone of the voice (called intonation) rises at the end of the sentence.

What are you cooking today
, Séraphine ?

The exclamation point :

It is placed at the end of the sentence to express a feeling (joy, anger, surprise...) or to give an order. The tone of the voice rises at the end of the sentence.

Séraphine's cookies are delicious !

The dot dot dot :

It is placed at the end of the sentence to express hesitation, doubt or to avoid to quote an entire list of things.

I gave invitations to all my friends
 : Emma, Boris, Manon, Grégory, Lucie...

Punctuation marks also help to present things :

The two points :

They are placed in the sentencese before to present a list, an idea or an explanation.

For my recipe, I used the following ingredients
 : flour, sugar, butter, eggs and chocolate chips.

The quotation marks :

They surround a common sentence or quote, that is to say something someone said.

Great-auntie Bertille always tells me after every snack : "Go and wash your hands !".

The brackets :

They surround an information we want to add in a sentence.

, I cleaned the kitchen faster than usual (only 10 minutes).

You know everything about my lesson now, my friends ! And you ? What did your schoolteacher learn you today ?

Point d interrPoint d exclam

I have to go. There is something else than school in life ! My cookies with chocolate chips are waiting for me near a large glass of lemonade, you see. Mmm...

See you soon,


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Do you know that the 10 of July 2014 the new attraction of Disneyland Paris will open ?

It is Ratatouille. In Walt Disney Studios, just forty kilometers from Paris, the famous chef Remy will present us his kitchen soon as if we were the size of... a rat ! It promises to be funny.

While waiting for to go there, I've prepared a special quiz Ratatouille  " with little onions" as we are used to tell in France (means With first-class attention ;-)


Have fun, my friends !

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